Decimals  Multiplying Decimal Numbers
To multiply decimal numbers we can use the methods shown in
Written Methods of Multiplication , but we must remember
to account for the position of the decimal points.
The first step is to convert any decimal numbers into whole numbers. We do this by multiplying the decimal number by amounts of 10. To convert a decimal number with one decimal place, say 2.4, we need to multiply by 10 (by moving the entire number one place to the left  see 'Place Value'). For a number with 2 decimal places, say 5.26, we need to multiply by 100 (by moving the entire number two places to the left  see 'Place Value').
Lets take an example: 4.2 x 3
(Estimate first  4 x 3= 12 ... so we know the result should be around 12)
Step 1  convert 4.2 to a whole number by multiplying by 10 ... 4.2 x 10 = 42
Step 2  do the calculation 42 x 3 (using either method  grid or standard) = 126
Step 3  reverse the effect of multiplying and return our answer to whole numbers and decimal fractions by dividing by the same amount that we used to convert to whole numbers  in other words do the inverse. 126 ÷ 10 = 12.6 (by moving the entire number one place to the right  see 'Place Value').
4.2 x 3 = 12.6 ... Check with our estimate of around 12  close enough  OK
Lets look at a harder example: 2.4 x 3.6
(Estimate first  2 x 4= 8  so we know the result should be around 8)
Step 1  convert 2.4 to a whole number by multiplying by 10 ... 2.4 x 10 = 24
and convert 3.6 to a whole number by multiplying by 10 ... 3.6 x 10 = 36
Step 2  do the calculation 24 x 36 (using either method  grid or standard) = 864
Step 3  reverse the effect of multiplying and return our answer to whole numbers and decimal fractions by dividing by the same amount that we used to convert to whole numbers. In this case we multiplied by 10 twice, which is the same as multiplying by 100, so we need to divide by 100 ... 864 ÷ 100 = 8.64 (move 2 places to the right).
2.4 x 3.6 = 8.64  Check with our estimate of around 8  close enough  OK
Once your child has a good understanding of what is happening by converting to whole numbers, making the calculation and then converting back you can speed up the process by first performing the calculation on the numbers without worrying about the decimal points. Then count how many digits are to the right of the decimal point in both numbers and insert a decimal point that many digits, starting at the right of the answer.
Sounds confusing so lets try an example, say, 24.51 x 6.3
(Estimate first  25 x 6= 150  so we know the result should be around 150)
